A centuries-long maritime bond
Two countries linked by the ocean
In 1988 the people of the United State of America presented a Bicentennial Gift of money to the people of Australia to research, interpret and tell the story of the maritime links between their seafaring nations. The USA Gallery, its collection and program of exhibitions and events about science, technology, defence, history, art and nature continues to be funded by this gift.
The coastal and riverine Indigenous cultures of both countries have strong parallels and perhaps yet to be revealed connections.
Three Americans were crewmembers when James Cook's Endeavour visited Australia in 1770 marking a maritime relationship strengthened through trade, migration and defence to the present day.
The first foreign trading vessel to arrive in the British settlement at Port Jackson was American. Governor Arthur Phillip bought its entire cargo of beef and rum to sustain its starving, struggling population.
American whalers, sealers and traders frequented Australia over the next century. In the 1840s Australians sailed to the Californian gold rush and a decade later Americans came here for the same reason. A new century saw the Great White Fleet of the USA Navy arrive in Sydney Harbour in 1908 to a rapturous welcome, repeated in Melbourne and again in Albany.
As allies in the darkest days of World War 2, our navies fought together, and in lighter moments while American sailors took shore leave here, Australians took leave in America, history repeating itself during the Vietnam War and subsequent conflicts.
From the America's Cup to ship design, and research into climate change to the collaboration between James Cameron in California and Ron Allum in Sydney to design and build the DeepSea Challenger that explored the Mariana Trench in 2013, our maritime connections with the USA continue to strengthen.
The USA Gallery was dedicated by President George Bush (senior) in 1992.
Closes 22 May 2016
This story of Australians sailing under the US flag during the Second World War is one of daring and courage. The US Army Small Ships Section was made up of some 3000 requisitioned Australian vessels of every imaginable size and type. In their hastily refitted and sometimes armed boats, Australian merchant crews under contract to the US Army plied the dangerous waters between northern Queensland and New Guinea to establish a supply lifeline to allied forces fighting the Japanese.
The small ships went where bigger vessels couldn't. Covered in palm fronds they hid by day in jungle estuaries and landed cargo as diverse as water, food, fuel, fresh troops and heavy equipment by night, bringing back the wounded and the dead.
This little known story is told in the USA Gallery using objects and documents lent by the men of the Small Ships and their descendants.
Open daily, 9.30am–5pm
See our Admissions page for full price information and to book your tickets. Our Plan Your Visit page has everything you need to know about a trip to the museum.
Become a Maritime Museum Member and receive FREE or discounted entry to all our events and exhibitions.
Join our monthly e-newsletter for the latest news including special offers, advance bookings, sneak previews and more.
Connect with us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram for updates and be part of the conversation.
Excursion preparation information for visiting schools: Plan Your Visit
Book a school visit and program
Docked at the museum’s wharves, the destroyer HMAS Vampire is Australia's largest museum vessel and is the last of the country's big gun ships. These powerful, fast ships were designed principally for the machinery and weapons of war. One look at the cramped living spaces onboard and you will see that comfort came a poor second!
At the museum’s wharves you will also find our submarine HMAS Onslow which was decommissioned in 1999, just weeks before coming to the museum. It's still close to operational condition. So, if you venture onboard, listen out for the diving alarm!
And don’t forget to explore our patrol boat, HMAS Advance. Commissioned in 1968, this hardworking boat served out of Darwin until 1980. In that time it helped shadow a Russian fishing boat suspected of spying, expelled illegal foreign fishing boats, weathered Cyclone Tracy in 1974, helped with hydrographic surveys of Australia's north-west coast and became a TV star on the ABC!
Extended to 6:00 pm in January
Last boarding time for Submarine and Tall Ships – 4.10pm
Closed Christmas Day 25 December.
+61 2 9298 3777
Sign up to our newsletters
© Copyright 2013
Australia National Maritime Museum
Every day 9.30 am - 5 pm
Extend to 6.00 pm in January
Closed Xmas Day 25 Dec.
2 Murrey Street
sydney NSW 2000, AU
+61 2 9298 3777